Now that you understand what macronutrients are, let’s learn about micronutrients. Micronutrients are comprised of vitamins and minerals. They are often called Micros – which the word ‘micro’ means small. This means that they are required in small quantities to ensure normal metabolism growth and physical well-being!
Depending on your diet and what you are eating, you may not be getting everything you need from it. Even with the proper diet, you still may not be consuming all the micronutrients that our body requires. There are 28 micros’ that our body needs to survive and if our bodies don’t get all this minerals and vitamins from our food, it will used its stored micro’s. This can lead to major health complications and that is why it is so important to maintain a healthy lifestyle!
Superfoods are so important in our daily caloric intake because they provide a ton of vitamins and minerals while also containing the proper amount of your macros. The best superfoods are fruits and vegetables that are bright and colourful.
You might be wondering what types of vitamins and minerals we are talking about. The major vitamins that we will be going into detail are Vitamin A, C, and D. These are just 3 vitamins that our body requires but there are more as well. The main minerals are calcium and potassium.
I bet you’re wondering where you can find these micronutrients. So, let’s dive into more detail of certain vitamins and minerals and what foods you should eat to consume these micros!
Vitamin A helps with night and colour vision, supports our immune system, required for bone health and aids both male and female reproductive system. It is only found in animal foods such as: liver, egg yolks and milk. However, sources of pro-vitamin A include vegetables such as: broccoli, spinach, carrots and sweet potatoes.
Vitamin C can be found in almost all fruits and vegetables. There are some that contain more vitamin C than others. The main function of Vitamin C is that it enhances iron absorption, acts as an antioxidant, and regenerates Vitamin E. Bell peppers, citrus fruits, pineapple, kiwi and potatoes are all excellent sources of vitamin C.
Vitamin D’s main source is sunshine. This could act as a double whammy – You get to enjoy the beautiful sunshine and get Vitamin D at the same time! Some foods that contain high source of Vitamin D are cheese, egg yolks, orange juice and fatty fish.
Your body uses calcium to keep your bones and teeth strong and healthy. In addition to building our bones, it helps our nerves send messages and allows our muscles to contract. Calcium can be found in milk, yogurt, cheese, leafy greens, seafood and fruit.
Potassium is an important mineral for heart function and plays a key role in smooth muscle contraction. This is important for normal digestive and muscular function. This mineral can be found in bananas, spinach, watermelon, sweet potatoes, beets, and beans.
Don’t get all worked up if you think you’re not getting enough of these vitamins and minerals. Before starting to add supplements to your diet, CalorieWiz team encourages you to discuss your needs with your Doctor and pharmacist.
We hope you have a better understanding of micronutrients! It will help you balance out your diet to ensure you are consuming all the necessary vitamins and minerals!